The award, which was started in 2012, “honors women of courage who have taken bold risks to ensure a more just and peaceful future for us all.” About the Korean Women’s Movement for Peace, the judges wrote:
This alliance is the product of tireless efforts from its members, in a dangerous and complex context of US-North Korea relations, and is a testament to their courageous and powerful commitment to peace on the Korean Peninsula…
These visionary women have not hesitated to make courageous calls for humanitarian assistance to North Korea to address chronic food shortages — free from U.S. constraints and influence — at a time when it is risky and controversial for the government to do so without aligning closely with the Trump administration. They have been instrumental in breaking the war narrative in the Korean Peninsula, broadening the vision of peace beyond national borders, and building bridges between women in Seoul, Pyongyang and Tokyo who would never have been together in the previous years. Despite years of threats, harassment and accusations of violating security laws while working for peace, they immediately seized the window of democratic political space that opened to make the most of it, without fear of consequences should it turn out to be shortlived.
The Korean Women’s Movement for Peace is a coalition of four South Korean women’s organizations — Korean Women’s Association United, Women Making Peace, National YWCA of Korea and Korea Women’s Alliance — and launched the Korea Peace Now! campaign in South Korea on May 24, 2019, International Women’s Day for Peace and Disarmament. The goals of the Korea Peace Now! campaign — which also includes the Nobel Women’s Initiative, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, and Women Cross DMZ — include ending the 70-years-long Korean War with a peace agreement, and making sure women are included in the peace process.
The Korea Peace Now! campaign strongly condemns the Trump administration’s decision to loosen restrictions on the US military’s ability to use landmines.
Given that the DMZ has one of the highest concentrations of landmines in the world, that the United States has stated its commitment to build a “lasting and robust peace regime on the Korean Peninsula,” and that the two leaders of Korea pledged to transform the Korean Peninsula “into a land of peace free from nuclear weapons and nuclear threats,” the decision to expand the use of landmines is antithetical to the goal of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, as well as a threat to the peace and security of Koreans, Americans, and people all over the world.
“The United States, South Korea, and
North Korea should be signing the Mine Ban Treaty to once and for all end the
use of these horrific weapons of war,” said Jody Williams, the chair of the Nobel
Women’s Initiative. “Mr. Trump should not be rolling
back U.S. landmine policy when we have been making steady progress in creating
a landmine-free world.”
Williams shared the 1997 Nobel Peace
Prize with the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, which she helped create. In 2018, she met with soldiers in
South Korea who described to her how the process of de-mining portions of the
DMZ with North Korean soldiers led to a greater understanding of their shared
humanity. “Artificial borders and weapons keep us apart when we need to come
together,” said Williams.
women leaders of Korea Peace Now! point out that while the Obama administration
restricted the use of landmines and put a moratorium on production, it excluded
the Korean Peninsula, allowing the US military to continue to use landmines
2020 marks the 70th year of the Korean War. It’s time to end the war and make it year one of peace.
Join the Korea Peace Now! Grassroots Network, Peace Treaty Now and the Korea Peace Network in Washington DC to raise a unified voice for an end to the Korean War and peace on the Korean Peninsula.
What: 70 Years Too Long: National Action to End the Korean War
Where: Washington, DC
When: March 15-17, 2020
Schedule of events:
SUNDAY, MARCH 15
“End All Endless Wars, Korea Peace Now!”
March and Rally at the White House Time: 1-2:30 pm
Location: Lafayette Square, Pennsylvania Ave.
NW & 16th St. NW, Washington, DC
Joint National Convening of the Korea Peace Now! Grassroots Network and Peace Treaty Now Time: 3-5 pm (followed by dinner and dwipuri) Location: Human Rights Campaign, 1640 Rhode Island Ave. NW, Washington, DC Registration required.
MONDAY, MARCH 16
Annual Korea Peace Network Conference Time: 8:30 am-1:30 pm Location: St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, 301 A St. SE, Washington, DC Registration required.
“The Path to Peace in the 70th Year of the Korean War” Public forum with keynote by Dr. Bruce Cumings Time: 1:30-4:30 pm Location: St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, 301 A St. SE, Washington, DC
TUESDAY, MARCH 17
Korea Peace Advocacy Time: 9 am-5 pm Location: Capitol Hill, Washington, DC Registration required.
For more info: contact US National Organizer Hyun Lee.
President Donald Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un:
are representatives of Korea Peace Now!, a women-led global campaign to end the
Korean War. Our coalition
includes Nobel Peace laureates, activists, professors, human rights lawyers, a
retired Army colonel, and a recipient of the U.S. Presidential Medal of
We are writing to
respectfully urge you to find a peaceful settlement while the window of
diplomatic opportunity is still open.
Christmas has been
an occasion to call for peace on earth and goodwill to all people. During World
War I, there were spontaneous truces in which soldiers would cast aside their
guns, crawl out of the trenches, and embrace their enemies. We appeal to you to
demonstrate the same magnanimous spirit.
A return to
escalation would not only reignite the danger of nuclear war, but also seriously
set back the political momentum for peace painstakingly built over the past two
years. Ever since the Singapore Declaration called for “new U.S.-DPRK relations
in accordance with the desire of the peoples of the two countries for peace and
prosperity,” we have seen growing and unprecedented support for
normalization. A recent poll conducted
by YouGov and Data for Progress shows that 67 percent of Americans now support
negotiating a peace agreement with the DPRK, and support is even higher among
registered Republican voters, at 76 percent.
As a global movement
dedicated to ending the Korean War, we have consistently advocated that a
durable resolution of the conflict requires a peace agreement, sanctions
relief, women’s participation in the peace process, and the right of all to
live without fear of nuclear war. Any delay prolongs the suffering of those who
wish to live in peace.
Next June, the
Korean War will have languished for 70 years. We must all push back against the
forces, habits, and structures that perpetuate it.
activists, we are doing our utmost to educate the public, organize peace-loving
people everywhere, and encourage all sides to find a resolution. Thanks to the bold
steps you have taken to meet and engage with each other, the historic
resolution we helped introduce in the US Congress this year to formally end the
Korean War with a peace agreement now has over 40 co-sponsors, and the list is
There can be no
progress or resolution, however, without meaningful talks. Too often, one step
forward in diplomacy is followed by two steps back in opposition. This
Christmas, we urge you to finish what you started and do what no other US and
DPRK leaders have succeeded in doing: end the Korean War.
You have the power
to heal millions of hearts broken by three generations of war. We are counting
on you to implement the vision of peace that Koreans, Americans, and all
citizens of the world wish for.
May peace prevail
on the Korean Peninsula and around the world.
Women’s Movement for Peace (Korea Women’s Association United, Women Making Peace, National YWCA of
Korea Women’s Alliance)
International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
Bernstein is the founding Director and Executive Director of the Ottawa-based Nobel Women’s Initiative, one of four organizations — including Women Cross DMZ, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), and the Korean Women’s Movement for Peace — that launched the Korea Peace Now! campaign in March. She brings with her decades of experience in growing the global women’s peace movement and amplifying the messages of grassroots activists from conflict countries. She is a master campaigner and has led many successful global campaigns, including the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. Bernstein joins Christine Ahn, Executive Director of Women Cross DMZ, as Co-Coordinator of Korea Peace Now!
“I’m honored to be named the co-coordinator of
the women-led Korea Peace Now! campaign,” said Bernstein. “Ending the Korean
War is one of the important pressing issues for global peace and security, and women’s
leadership is key to ensuring a successful peace process. I look forward to working
with our campaign partners to achieve these goals.”
Korea Peace Now! Women Mobilizing to End the War is a global
campaign to educate, organize and advocate for a Korea peace agreement. It is a
growing movement of civil society organizations working for an end to war, lasting
peace on the Korean Peninsula, and women’s inclusion in the peace process.
We are writing to you as members of
the international women-led campaign Korea Peace Now! Women Mobilizing to End
gather today to discuss the security crisis on the Korean Peninsula, we urge
you to take a holistic approach considering the human costs of sanctions-based
responses. The North Korean civilian population is caught in the crossfire of a
geopolitical dispute they have little to no control over, perpetuated by the
lack of resolution to the Korean War and made more acute by the imposition of
sanctions so comprehensive they threaten their very existence. As it is part of
the fundamental principles of the United Nations to settle disputes peacefully
and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, we urge
you to call for an end to the Korean War and to review the conformity of
nonproliferation sanctions to international human rights and humanitarian law.
Recently, our campaign commissioned
a panel of independent experts to produce a report, “The Human
Costs and Gendered Impact of Sanctions on North Korea,” which highlighted the negative
consequences of sanctions on the lives of the North Korean people. According to
the report, the sanctions regime against North Korea has since 2016 grown from
a “smart sanctions” model essentially targeting the military and the elite to
an almost total embargo on North Korea-related trade, investments, and
financial transactions. Drawing evidence from UN and nongovernmental
organizations on the ground as well as other relevant datasets, the report
found that sanctions are having humanitarian, developmental and gendered
impacts and that existing sanctions exemption mechanisms are insufficient to
prevent adverse consequences. It raised concerns that the sanctions in their
current form may overstep what is permissible under international humanitarian
and human rights law, highlighting the rights to life, food, health, an
adequate standard of living, and development, as well as women’s rights.
Security Council has repeatedly stated that its sanctions are not intended to
have adverse humanitarian consequences, in their current form, sanctions are interfering with the
ability of both international aid organizations and of the North Korean
government to address the urgent and long-standing humanitarian needs of the
population. According to the UN Panel of Experts, a wide range of
humanitarian-sensitive items are banned from entering the country, including
agricultural material and medical equipment, and generally any items containing
metal, such as scalpels or nails.
Sanctions are also impeding the economic development of the DPRK, reversing the country’s growing trade and engagement with the world. This undermines progress that North Korea made in overcoming the economic crisis and famine of the 1990s, particularly market activity led by grassroots women, a key engine of social change. Sanctions undermine women’s economic security and their livelihoods, perhaps most clearly with UNSC resolution 2375’s ban on textile exports, an industry in which 82 percent of workers are female. Increasing gender inequality is counterproductive to the stated aims of those advocating sanctions. Furthering a gender divide and marginalising women from any form of economic power and, hence, influence (even if limited) serves only to institutionalise the disparities that empirical research in various conflicts has shown is inimical to peace building.
crushing North Korean winter sets in and as expatriate North Korean workers are
forced to give up their jobs by the end of the year and return to the DPRK, we
urge you to urgently address the unfolding human tragedy by (1) opening the
space for dialogue on the adverse consequences of sanctions and the question of
their conformity to international human rights and humanitarian law, (2)
establishing a process to assess the human impact of sanctions and take
expedient action to mitigate and ultimately eliminate undue harm; and (3) calling
on the relevant parties to the unresolved Korean War to formally end it by
replacing the 1953 Armistice with a peace agreement.
We look forward to your response and
Korean Women’s Movement for Peace Nobel Women’s Initiative Women Cross DMZ Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
NEW YORK—As talks between the United States and North Korea remain at an impasse, a new report shows that sanctions imposed on North Korea are having adverse consequences on humanitarian aid and economic development in the country, with a disproportionate impact on women.
The Human Costs and Gendered Impact of Sanctions on North Korea (PDF), which was produced by an international and multidisciplinary panel of independent experts, is the first comprehensive assessment of the human impact of sanctions against North Korea. Drawing on often neglected information from UN agencies on the ground as well as the authors’ combined expertise in public health, law, economics, history, and gender studies, the report also shows that existing UN mechanisms to exempt humanitarian-related items are insufficient to prevent these negative impacts, and, in fact, delays and funding shortfalls may have resulted in the deaths of thousands of people.
“As one of the few American physicians who has worked to
deliver humanitarian aid and improve health care in North Korea, I have seen
how sanctions have restricted the access to the most basic medicines and
medical equipment in the isolated country,” said Kee Park, a lecturer at
Harvard Medical School, the director of the DPRK Program at the Korean American
Medical Association, and one of seven authors of the report. “This has made treating
infectious diseases, chronic diseases, and injuries much more difficult.”
delayed the delivery of life-saving treatment for children with disabilities due
to the ban on importing metal in medical and rehabilitation equipment,” added Joy
Yoon, a co-author of the report and co-founder of the nonprofit organization
Ignis Community, which treats children with developmental disabilities such as
cerebral palsy and autism at its Pyongyang Spine Rehabilitation Center. “Without
immediate and timely medical intervention, many North Korean children with
cerebral palsy and other developmental disabilities do not survive.”
Henri Feron, a
co-author of the report and a senior
fellow at the Center for International Policy, said, “The findings in this report raise concerns that
sanctions in their current form may be contrary to international law, in
particular humanitarian and human rights norms. Sanctions also raise moral questions, as they effectively take the
entire country’s population hostage.”
Our delegation of women leaders from the United States, South Korea, and Japan — including feminist pioneer Gloria Steinem — just returned from South Korea, where we attended the DMZ peace forum, visited the DMZ, and demanded an end to the Korean War and women’s inclusion in the peace process outside the U.S. Embassy in Seoul.
We began our trip with a tour of the DMZ — the so-called “demilitarized zone” — that separates North and South Korea. In reality, this narrow strip of land has one of the highest concentrations of landmines on earth; is flanked by barbed wire, explosives, and armed soldiers on both sides; and divides tens of thousands of families. Among the attendees were Siegfried Hecker, a nuclear scientist and foremost expert on North Korea’s nuclear program.
Our first stop was Imjingak Resort, located just 7 km from the Military Demarcation Line — the actual line dividing the two countries, which is surrounded by the DMZ — where we met with officials from the local government. A barbed-wire fence has become a living memorial to loved ones in North Korea. Christine Ahn, executive director of Women Cross DMZ and international coordinator of Korea Peace Now!, and Gloria Steinem wrote their own message of peace and tied it among the thousands of ribbons adorning the fence. Waving in the wind, the ribbons are a heartbreaking and sobering reminder of the painful division caused by the ongoing war.
Next we traveled to Camp Greaves, a former U.S. military base that was turned over to the Korean government in 2007 and is now the site of a youth hostel and a museum. Displayed inside the Quonset huts dotting the hillsides are remnants and reminders of the human impact of this long war — for example, photos of thriving communities in Pyongyang before the war, portraits of Korean War orphans, recreated military quarters, and factoids on the legacy of the war:
25,288: Number of days since the outbreak of the Korean War, aka “The War That Never Ends”
132,124: Number of separated family members in South Korea
990,968: Number of South Korean civilian casualties during the Korean War
For our last stop, we traveled past the barbed wire to go inside the DMZ to Daeseong. As part of the Armistice Agreement that temporarily halted the Korean War, two villages — one in South Korea and one in North Korea — were allowed to remain inside this heavily fortified area. Fewer than 200 people live in Daeseong today, and they must pass through military checkpoints whenever they want to leave and return. They must also adhere to a strict curfew. At a lookout point inside this eerily peaceful village, binoculars allow visitors to look northward, where people can be seen riding bicycles and motorbikes through the fields.
The following day was the start of the DMZ peace forum organized by the Gyeonggi Research Institute in Goyang City. Hundreds of people attended the conference, and many more watched via ample coverage by the South Korean media. In the morning, Gloria Steinem delivered one of three keynote speeches.
“The United States must respect the wishes of the Korean people and their governments by negotiating a peace agreement, which would take the threat of war off the table and improve the security of Koreans, Americans and the world. It’s time to declare an end to the Korean War and replace the temporary Armistice with a peace agreement.”
— Gloria Steinem at the DMZ peace forum
That afternoon, members of the Korea Peace Now! delegation participated in a session titled “Women Crossing Borders: From the DMZ to the women’s peace movement.” The speakers included Christine Ahn (Women Cross DMZ), Jung-soo Kim (Women Making Peace), Kozue Akibayashi (Doshisha University/WILPF), Gloria Steinem, Hyun Lee (Women Cross DMZ), and Jung-ah Lee (Gyeonggi Women’s Association). We discussed the gender implications of the unresolved war and how women’s inclusion is vital for lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula. We also shared the goals of our Korea Peace Now! campaign:
A formal ending of the Korean War, a Korea peace agreement, and normalized relations.
Tangible de-militarization: denuclearization, landmines, reduction of bases/troops.
Women’s leadership and gender-based analysis (government and civil society) in peace processes.
Lift sanctions against North Korea, especially those impacting humanitarian conditions.
Redefine security from national security based on war and militarism to a feminist understanding of security centered on basic human needs and ecological sustainability.
The next day we traveled to Seoul to deliver a message of peace across from the U.S. Embassy. We demanded that the United States must get out of the way of inter-Korean cooperation, move forward on ending the war, and work toward a peace agreement. And for the Korea peace process to be successful, women must be involved.
“Seventy years later, the Korean War has not ended, and despite the efforts of Korean peoples’ movements and our governments — including two signed agreements in Panmunjom and Pyongyang declaring an end to the Korean War — we still do not have peace,” said Mimi Han, an Executive Board Member of The National YWCA of Korea. “We want peace but we cannot do it. We need approval. We are here to say, enough is enough.”
“I am one of the many Japanese people who hope for amicable relations between Japan and the Koreas,” said Kozue Akibayashi, the former international president of WILPF and a professor at Doshisha University in Kyoto, Japan. “The ongoing Korean War is used by the Japanese government to justify militarization of Okinawa, in Japan, and other places. I am here to say, no more.”
“Women are disproportionately impacted by war,” said Christine Ahn, executive director of Women Cross DMZ. “Women have endured sexual violence at the hands of soldiers, including in South Korea around U.S. military ‘camptowns.’ And due to crushing sanctions, North Korean women are unable to access the healthcare, food, and jobs they need to survive…. We can’t on one hand call for greater economic freedom for women as key to advancing human rights, while also supporting policies that directly harm North Korean women.”
“…[R]ight now, there are very few women involved in the official Korea peace process,” said Gloria Steinem. “Yet there are tens of thousands of women — here on the peninsula and around the world — who are already working together to support this historic peace process. We know that unless we act, from taking to the streets to lobbying members of Congress and ourselves crossing the DMZ, there will be no durable, lasting peace. Peace is like a tree. It does not grow from the top down, it grows from the bottom up.”
We ended the day with a sit-down dinner featuring a who’s-who of South Korean women leaders who have long been active in calling for peace. Among the attendees were:
Han Young Soo (President of the National YWCA of Korea)
Lee Hyun Sook (Chairperson of Central Committee, National Council of Unification Education)
Chung Hyun Baek (Former Minister, Ministry of Gender Equality and Family)
Moon Mi Ran (Assistant Mayor, Women and Family Affairs, Seoul Metropolitan Government)
Kwon In Sook (Director, Korea Women’s Development Institute)
Lee Jae Jung (Member of National Assembly, Democratic Party of Korea)
Chang Young Hee (Democratic Party of Korea)
Choi Susannah (Director, National YWCA of Korea)
It was an evening of celebration and solidarity, as well as a recognition of how far we’ve come and how much more we still need to accomplish. But together, it felt like we could take on the world.